Diabetes

Oct 06, 2021
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Every medical professional seems to have their pet ailments, and diabetes is one of mine. In 2012, the total healthcare cost for diagnosed cases of diabetes in the United States was 245 billion dollars...

Every medical professional seems to have their pet ailments, and diabetes is one of mine. In 2012, the total healthcare cost for diagnosed cases of diabetes in the United States was 245 billion dollars. By the year 2020, that healthcare hit will soar to at least half a trillion dollars.

Diabetes is a group of metabolic conditions in which the body does not produce enough insulin or has become resistant to its effects. Insulin is a hormone required to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. The two most common forms of diabetes are designated type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin. Type 2 is a much more common form, typically affecting adults, and is associated with obesity. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin, which enables glucose to accumulate to dangerous levels within the body. High glucose levels damage vascular and other tissues, resulting in heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney and nerve damage. According to a National Institute of Health Review, diabetes is the leading cause of preventable blindness among adults.

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